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F. O. Stanley's 1876 Patent ~ Page 1

(Click on the picture below to see the full size patent drawing. I've cleaned them up and converted them to the .GIF format. WARNING, they are 80kb+ files and are a slow download but worth it. Opens in a new window!)

The first Airbrush!  F. E. Stanley's "atomizer" is really the first airbrush. Stanley made it so he could spray "water colors, india-ink or crayon and also for all kinds of shading in which color can can be used in a liquid state." This patent was filed on June 20, 1876 and granted on September 19, 1876; 3 years before Peeler made his "paint distributer"  and 5 plus years before Peeler and Walkup filed their patent. This isn't just an atomizer converted to spray retouching media. At the time atomizers were used to spray protective coatings so they're drawings wouldn't smudge when handled or rolled up. It has a needle to regulate the amount of fluid that's sprayed; 15 years prior to Burdick's use of a needle to regulate media flow. In addition to pioneering the needle concept, it has interchangeable heads to regulate the spray pattern. 

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If anyone would like copies of any of the patents on the site, e-mail me and I'll gladly send them to you. The files are small in kb size (346kb for the 5 pages of the Peeler patent) but they are physically large (290" x 426") and they are in .TIF format. That means you'll need a viewer that can open .TIF's and resize them. No problem, Irfan View to the rescue. Click on one of the buttons below to go and download it. Its free (although he'd appreciate a postcard) and is the best viewer around. It also plays audio!